3.2.2. Command line utilities¶
18.104.22.168. Red Pitaya command line utilities¶
Command line utilities must not be used in parallel with a WEB application.
22.214.171.124.1. Signal generator utility¶
The Red Pitaya signal generator can be controlled through the generate command line utility, but be aware it interferes with the GUI based Oscilloscope & Generator application. Usage instructions (see Table 7 as well):
redpitaya> generate generate version 0.90-299-1278 Usage: generate channel amplitude frequency <type> channel Channel to generate signal on [1, 2]. amplitude Peak-to-peak signal amplitude in Vpp [0.0 - 2.0]. frequency Signal frequency in Hz [0.0 - 6.2e+07]. type Signal type [sine, sqr, tri].
|Parameters of Signal generator utility|
|channel||int||1/ 2||Output channel selection|
|amplitude||float||0 - 2 [V]||Maximal output signal is 2 V peak to peak|
|freq||float||0 - 620000001 [Hz]||Frequency can be generated from 0 Hz (DC signal) on*.|
|<type>||string||sine / sqr / tri||Optional parameter. Signal shape type (sine – sine wave signal, sqr – square signal, tri – triangular signal). If omitted, sine is used.|
- 1 To generate smooth signals, not exceeding Back-End bandwidth, limitations are:
- 62 MHz (62000000) for sine wave
- 10 MHz (10000000) for square and triangular waves
The output can be disabled by setting the amplitude parameter to zero.
Example (2 Vpp square wave signal with 1 MHz on channel 1):
redpitaya> generate 1 2 1000000 sqr
Signal generator output impedance is 50 Ω. If user wants to connect the output of the signal generator (OUT1, OUT2) to the Red Pitaya input (IN1, IN2), 50 Ω terminations should be connected at the Red Pitaya inputs through the T-type connector.
For correct operation of the generate tool, it is mandatory that the correct FPGA image is loaded. Please note, the some application can change the FPGA image loaded. To load the FPGA image open a terminal on the RedPitaya and execute the following command:
cat /opt/redpitaya/fpga/fpga_0.94.bit > /dev/xdevcfg
126.96.36.199.2. Signal acquisition utility¶
The signal from Red Pitaya can be acquired through the acquire command line utility. It will return raw samples from the ADC buffer to standard output, with no calibration compensation. Usage instructions (see Table 8 as well):
redpitaya> acquire acquire version 0.90-299-1278 Usage: acquire size <dec> size Number of samples to acquire [0 - 16384]. dec Decimation [1,8,64,1024,8192,65536] (default=1).
|Parameters of Signal acquisition utility|
|size||int||0 - 16384||The number of samples to read.|
|dec||int||1, 8, 64, 1024, 8192, 16384||Optional parameter. It specifies the decimation factor. If omitted, 1 is used (no decimation).|
Acquire utility will return the requested number of samples with decimation factor for both input channels (column 1 = Channel1; column 2 = Channel2).
Example (acquire 1024 samples with decimation 8):
redpitaya> acquire 1024 8 -148 -81 -143 -84 -139 -88 -134 -82 ...
For correct operation of the acquire tool, it is mandatory that the correct FPGA image is loaded. Please note, the some application can change the FPGA image loaded. To load the FPGA image open a terminal on the RedPitaya and execute the following command:
cat /opt/redpitaya/fpga/fpga_0.94.bit > /dev/xdevcfg
188.8.131.52.3. Saving data buffers¶
It is recommended to use an NFS share to store any temporary data (e.g. the measured signals using the acquire utility). Use a standard mount command to mount your NFS share (example):
redpitaya> mount -o nolock <ip_address>:/<path> /mnt
The /opt file-system on Red Pitaya, representing the SD card, is mounted read-only. To save the data locally on Red Pitaya redirect the acquisition to a file in the /tmp directory. The /tmp directory resides in RAM and is therefore volatile (clears on reboot).
redpitaya> acquire 1024 8 > /tmp/my_local_file
Alternatively, save the data directly to the NFS mount point:
redpitaya> acquire 1024 8 > /mnt/my_remote_file
184.108.40.206.3.1. Copying data - Linux users¶
In case NFS share is not available, you can use secure copy:
redpitaya> scp my_local_file <user>@<destination_ip>:/<path_to_directory>/
Alternatively Linux users can use graphical SCP/SFTP clients, such as Nautilus for example (explorer window). To access the address line, type [CTRL + L] and type in the following URL: sftp://root@<ip_address>
Type the Red Pitaya password (next Figure). The default Red Pitaya password for the root account is »root«. For changing the root password, refer to buildroot configuration - a mechanism for building the Red Pitaya root file-system, including the /etc/passwd file hosing the root password.
After logging in, the main screen will show the directory content of Red Pitaya’s root filesystem. Navigate to select your stored data and use the intuitive copy-paste and drag & drop principles to manipulate the files on Red Pitaya (see next Figure).
220.127.116.11.3.2. Copying data - Windows users¶
Windows users should use an SCP client such as WinSCP. Download and install it, following its installation instructions. To log in to Red Pitaya, see example screen in next Figure.
After logging in, the main screen will show the content of the Red Pitaya root filesystem. Navigate to select your stored data and use the intuitive copy-paste and drag & drop principles to manipulate the files on Red Pitaya (see next Figure).
Select the destination (local) directory to save the data file to (see next Figure).
18.104.22.168.4. Accessing system registers¶
The system registers can be accessed through the monitor utility. Usage instructions:
redpitaya> monitor monitor version 0.90-299-1278 Usage: read addr: address write addr: address value read analog mixed signals: -ams set slow DAC: -sdac AO0 AO1 AO2 AO3 [V]
Example (system register reading):
redpitaya> monitor -ams #ID Desc Raw Val 0 Temp(0C-85C) a4f 51.634 1 AI0(0-3.5V) 1 0.002 2 AI1(0-3.5V) 13 0.033 3 AI2(0-3.5V) 1 0.002 4 AI3(0-3.5V) 2 0.003 5 AI4(5V0) 669 4.898 6 VCCPINT(1V0) 55c 1.005 7 VCCPAUX(1V8) 9a9 1.812 8 VCCBRAM(1V0) 55d 1.006 9 VCCINT(1V0) 55b 1.004 10 VCCAUX(1V8) 9ab 1.813 11 VCCDDR(1V5) 809 1.507 12 AO0(0-1.8V) 2b0000 0.496 13 AO1(0-1.8V) 150000 0.242 14 AO2(0-1.8V) 2b0000 0.496 15 AO3(0-1.8V) 220000 0.392
The –ams switch provides access to analog mixed signals including Zynq SoC temperature, auxiliary analog input reading, power supply voltages and configured auxiliary analog output settings. The auxiliary analog outputs can be set through the monitor utility using the –sadc switch:
redpitaya> monitor -sdac 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
22.214.171.124.5. Monitor utility for accessing FPGA registers¶
Red Pitaya signal processing is based on two computational engines: the FPGA and the dual core processor in order to effectively split the tasks. Most of the high data rate signal processing is implemented within the FPGA building blocks. These blocks can be configured parametrically through registers. The FPGA registers are documented in the RedPitaya HDL memory map document. The registers can be accessed using the described monitor utility. For example, the following sequence of monitor commands checks, modifies and verifies the acquisition decimation parameter (at address 0x40100014):
redpitaya> monitor 0x40100014 0x00000001 redpitaya> redpitaya> monitor 0x40100014 0x8 redpitaya> monitor 0x40100014 0x00000008 redpitaya>
The CPU algorithms communicate with FPGA through these registers. Therefore, the user should be aware of a possible interference with Red Pitaya applications, reading or acting upon these same FPGA registers. For simple tasks, however, the monitor utility can be used by high level scripts (Bash, Python, Matlab…) to communicate directly with FPGA if necessary.